Agile Explained

What is Agile

Agile is a methodology for project management and software development that promotes adaptive planning, evolutionary development, early delivery, and continual improvement. It is an iterative and incremental approach that allows teams to deliver functional software incrementally and frequently. Agile methodologies are based on the Agile Manifesto, a set of guiding values and principles for Agile development.

The Agile manifesto consists of four values:

  • Individuals and interactions over processes and tools

  • Working software over comprehensive documentation

  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation

  • Responding to change over following a plan


The most popular Agile methodology is Scrum, a framework for managing and completing complex projects. Scrum is based on the principles of transparency, inspection, and adaptation. It is composed of specific roles, events, and artefacts, such as the Scrum Master, Product Owner, Sprint, Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective.

In Agile, the team is self-organizing and cross-functional, meaning that the team has all the skills necessary to complete the project. The team works in sprints, which are typically two to four weeks long. At the end of each sprint, the team demonstrates a potentially shippable product increment to the stakeholders.


Benefits of Agile include:

  • Flexibility and adaptability to changing requirements

  • Improved communication and collaboration among team members

  • Faster delivery of working software

  • Increased customer satisfaction

  • Improved project visibility and predictability